Terrorism and criminal mass violence against Americans, both in the United States and abroad, leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. Victim assistance and compensation providers face the daunting task of coordinating effective and timely responses, providing information and assistance to victims, and working closely with other agencies and victim service organizations.
OVC can help. After the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, Congress amended the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA), authorizing OVC to set aside up to $50 million annually from the Crime Victims Fund for an Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve (Emergency Reserve). The Crime Victims Fund is derived from federal criminal fines, forfeitures, and penalties collected by U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, U.S. Courts, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Through the Emergency Reserve, OVC manages the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), which offers five funding streams to provide timely relief for immediate and ongoing victim assistance services in the form of grants to qualifying applicants (including state victim assistance and compensation programs); U.S. Attorneys’ Offices; federal, state, and local governments; and nongovernmental victim service organizations.
Types of Assistance
The following types of assistance are available to eligible applicants through AEAP.
|AEAP Assistance Programs (Categories of Assistance)|
|Crisis Response.||Crime Victim Compensation.|
|Consequence Management.||Training and Technical Assistance.|
|Criminal Justice Support.|
|Examples of Community Uses for AEAP Funding From OVC|
|Crisis counseling.||Emergency food and clothing.||Compensation for medical and mental health costs, lost wages, and funeral expenses.|
|Needs assessments and planning.||Repatriation of remains.||Cleaning and return of personal effects.|
|Protocols for coordination and collaboration.||Victim advocacy, outreach, and education.||Support for victim participation in criminal justice proceedings.|
|Emergency transportation and travel.||Victim notification systems.||Child and dependent care.|
|Temporary housing assistance.||Vocational rehabilitation.||Law enforcement activities, including regular and overtime police costs associated with victim assistance, supportive services, and short-term sick leave.|
|Limited funding may be available to cover administrative costs necessary and essential to the delivery of services and assistance to victims.|