OVC Supports Communities Responding
to Terrorist Attacks and Cases of Mass Violence
Terrorism and criminal mass violence against Americans, both in the United States and abroad, leave victims with serious physical and emotional wounds and challenge government officials and communities to respond immediately with appropriate efforts. Victim assistance and compensation providers face the daunting task of coordinating effective and timely responses, providing information and assistance to victims, and working closely with other agencies and victim service organizations.
OVC can help. After the Oklahoma City bombing in 1995, Congress amended the Victims of Crime Act (VOCA), authorizing OVC to set aside up to $50 million annually from the Crime Victims Fund for an Antiterrorism Emergency Reserve (Emergency Reserve). The Crime Victims Fund is derived from federal criminal fines, forfeitures, and penalties collected by U.S. Attorneys’ Offices, U.S. Courts, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons.
Through the Emergency Reserve, OVC manages the Antiterrorism and Emergency Assistance Program (AEAP), which offers five funding streams to provide timely relief for immediate and ongoing victim assistance services in the form of grants to qualifying applicants (including state victim assistance and compensation programs); U.S. Attorneys’ Offices; federal, state, and local governments; and nongovernmental victim service organizations.
Types of Assistance
The following types of assistance are available to eligible applicants through AEAP.
|AEAP Assistance Programs (Categories of Assistance)
||Crime Victim Compensation.
||Training and Technical Assistance.
|Criminal Justice Support.
- Crisis response funding is designed to help victims build adaptive capacities, decrease stressors, and reduce symptoms of trauma immediately following a terrorism or mass violence event.
- Consequence management funding provides supplemental funds to help victims adapt to the traumatic event and to restore their sense of equilibrium.
- Criminal justice support funding helps the applicant facilitate victim participation in an investigation or prosecution directly related to an act of terrorism or mass violence.
- Crime victim compensation funding reimburses victims for out-of-pocket expenses related to an act of terrorism or mass violence.
- Training and technical assistance provides tools to help federal, state, and local authorities identify victim needs and resources; coordinate services to victims; develop short- and long-term strategies for responding to an event; and address related issues. A request for training or technical assistance can be submitted to the OVC Training and Technical Assistance Center (OVC TTAC) in the aftermath of a terrorism or mass violence event and during the criminal justice investigation or prosecution phases.
|Examples of Community Uses for AEAP Funding From OVC
||Emergency food and clothing.
||Compensation for medical and mental health costs, lost wages, and funeral expenses.
|Needs assessments and planning.
||Repatriation of remains.
||Cleaning and return of personal effects.
|Protocols for coordination and collaboration.
||Victim advocacy, outreach, and education.
||Support for victim participation in criminal justice proceedings.
|Emergency transportation and travel.
||Victim notification systems.
||Child and dependent care.
|Temporary housing assistance.
||Law enforcement activities, including regular and overtime police costs associated with victim assistance, supportive services, and short-term sick leave.
|Limited funding may be available to cover administrative costs necessary and essential to the delivery of services and assistance to victims.