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Good Samaritans Volunteers Helping Victims Program Handbook and Training Guide
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Photo: Man and woman looking out of a broken window.

Publication Date: April 2009

minus iconFilling a Void—Origins of the Program
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minus iconVolunteers: Recruiting,
Screening, and Training

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Module 2: The Victim Experience
minus iconModule 3: Basic Skills for Volunteers
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Module 2: The Victim Experience

Factors Affecting Recovery

Factors aiding recovery

  • Support from intimates
  • Positive self-esteem
  • Support from systems (police, prosecutors, medical providers, legal professionals, victim service providers)
  • Opportunity to freely discuss the crime and the associated emotions
  • Successful recovery from grief
  • Insight
  • Action-oriented behaviors
  • Ability to identify and express emotions
  • Realistic expectations of self and system
  • Objective attribution of blame

Factors inhibiting recovery

  • Prior victimization
  • Negative self-esteem
  • Poor social support
  • Simultaneous problems (family, financial, work, school, etc.)
  • Recurring problems, such as drug or alcohol abuse
  • Degree of violence
  • Relationship to perpetrator (stranger or acquaintance)
  • Increased physical ailments, possibly psychosomatic
  • Depression
  • Suicidal behavior
  • Psychotic behavior (including senile dementia)
  • Misdiagnosis by therapist or physician